In September 1946, President Harry Truman authorized a program called Operation Paperclip, which aimed to lure scientists from Nazi Germany to the United States following World War II. Officials at the Office of Strategic Services (the predecessor to the CIA) recruited German scientists to America to aid the country’s postwar efforts, which would also ensure that valuable scientific knowledge would not end up in the hands of the Soviet Union or the divided East and West Germany.
Operation Paperclip’s most famous recruit was rocket scientist Wernher von Braun, who would go on to mastermind NASA’s Apollo moon missions. The lesser known history of Project Paperclip was that it also sheltered known Nazi War criminals and Nazi Intelligence agents, who were given immunity after the war.
Some Paperclip scientists came to be involved with Project MK-ULTRA, America’s twisted foray into mind control and radiation research , as the Nazis had been carrying out the exact same sorts of research, but without any of the pesky moral and ethical encumbrances that supposedly limited this kind of work in the United States.
During the Cold War, the CIA initiated Project MK-ULTRA, a secret and illegal human research program to investigate potential mind-control systems. The program’s operators examined the effects of hypnosis, biological agents and drugs, such as LSD and barbiturates, on human subjects. Some historians suggest the program was designed to develop a mind-control system that could be used to “program” the brains of potential assassins. MKULTRA included 149 subprojects, almost all of which focused on Mind Control/Psychological Warfare through various methods such as Drugs,Electro-shock trauma,and Black magic.
In 1973, then-CIA director Richard Helms ordered that all documents from Project MK-ULTRA be destroyed, but a formal investigation into the program was launched several years later.
Project’s Sign/ Grudge/ Blue book
Project Grudge was a short-lived program launched in 1949 to study unidentified flying objects. The mission followed an earlier program, known as Project Sign, which published a report in early 1949 stating that while some UFOs seemed to be actual aircraft, there was not enough data to determine their origins.
Critics of Project Grudge said the program solely set out to debunk UFO reports, and very little actual research was conducted. In his book on the topic, Edward J. Ruppelt, Air Force Captain and director of Project Grudge, wrote: “It doesn’t take a great deal of study of the old UFO files to see that standard intelligence procedures were not being followed by Project Grudge. Everything was being evaluated on the premise that UFOs couldn’t exist. No matter what you see or hear, don’t believe it.”
Project Blue Book was the successor to both aforementioned projects and was the most publicly visible of the three. The project continued for another 11 years and was finally terminated in 1970. Concluding that a majority of the UFO were Misidentifications. However, A small percentage of UFO reports were classified as unexplained, even after stringent analysis.
In late 2012, the U.S. Air Force declassified a trove of documents, including records of a secret program to build a flying saucer-type aircraft designed to shoot down Soviet bombers. The ambitious program, called Project 1794, was initiated in the 1950s, and a team of engineers was tasked with building a disc-shape vehicle capable of traveling at supersonic speeds at high altitudes.
The declassified documents reveal plans for the plane to reach a top speed of Mach 4 (four times the speed of sound), and reach an altitude of 100,000 feet (30,480 meters). The project’s estimated cost was more than $3 million, which in today’s dollars would be more than $26 million. Project 1794 was canceled in December 1961 after tests suggested the flying saucer design was aerodynamically unstable and would likely be uncontrollable at high speeds
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